Mania gilt in der römischen Mythologie als eine Göttin. Ein Kult ist nicht belegt und die wenigen überlieferten Inschriften sind umstritten. Nach Georg Wissowa ist. mania (Englisch). Wortart: Substantiv. Silbentrennung: ma|nia, Mehrzahl: ma|nias. Wortbedeutung/Definition: 1) Manie, Wahnsinn, Raserei. Synonyme. ma·nia [ˈmeɪniə] SUBST. 1. mania abw (obsessive enthusiasm).
Mania "mania" Deutsch Übersetzung
ma·nia [ˈmeɪniə] SUBST. 1. mania abw (obsessive enthusiasm). -mania (Latein). Wortart: Gebundenes Lexem. Silbentrennung: ae|mia, Mehrzahl: ae|mi|. Mania gilt in der römischen Mythologie als eine Göttin. Ein Kult ist nicht belegt und die wenigen überlieferten Inschriften sind umstritten. Nach Georg Wissowa ist. His route has crossed paths with the likes of Immenstadt Allgäu Joplin, Kurt Cobain, and also John Lee Hooker, with whom he has played several dates. Fimmel masculine Maskulinum m. Slowenisch Wörterbücher. Ich bin bei Frauen Mania und von Männer respektiert. Wörterbücher durchsuchen. Nach Oben. Ja Nein deutschen Nachnamen? Spanisch Wörterbücher. Blog It makes my flesh crawl: idioms Kino Bergen Halloween October 28, It makes my flesh crawl: idioms for Halloween. ma·nia [ˈmeɪniə] SUBST. 1. mania abw (obsessive enthusiasm). Übersetzung für 'mania' im kostenlosen Englisch-Deutsch Wörterbuch von LANGENSCHEIDT – mit Beispielen, Synonymen und Aussprache. Alles zum Mädchennamen Mania wie Bedeutung, Herkunft, Namenstag und Beliebtheit auf gamevisioneurope.eu
They may manifest as a sudden burst of creative insight or appear fractured and nonsensical. Psychosis is a severe manifestation of bipolar disorder which can affect people in a manic or depressive mood state.
Psychosis is defined as a break from reality which typically requires medical treatment and hospitalization. It is not a feature one would expect to see in a hypomanic phase.
The symptoms of psychosis tend to match the mood state. If bipolar psychosis occurs during a depressive episode, you may believe that someone is out to harm you.
Impaired judgment can often be missed by casual observers who may dismiss the behavior as either a momentary lapse or a sudden burst of generosity, passion, daring, or goodwill.
Mood changes are characterized by a sudden burst of activity, often described as being as being outsized or larger than life. These changes would be long-lasting rather than transient and be uncharacteristic of your natural mood state.
Speech disruptions are probably the easiest way to recognize a manic episode. A person may be described as having a "motor mouth" and be difficult or even impossible to interrupt.
Speech disruptions may include:. It is one thing to have a sudden rush of energy; it is an another when the energy is relentless, prolonged, and overwhelming.
As with mood changes, the sudden upshot of energy would not be considered normal and can switch off as quickly as it was switched on.
According to the DSM, bipolar mania can be diagnosed if you experience at least three of the following symptoms for no less than a week:.
If you are experiencing manic symptoms that are impairing your ability to function, find a mental health professional in your area able to diagnose your symptoms and offer treatment, if needed.
Eastern Time. Dealing with racing thoughts? Always feeling tired? Our guide offers strategies to help you or your loved one live better with bipolar disorder.
Sign up for our newsletter and get it free. The role of sleep in bipolar disorder. Nat Sci Sleep. Psychosis in bipolar disorder: Does it represent a more "severe" illness?.
Bipolar Disord. Diagnosing Bipolar Disorder in Adults. NYU Langone Health. Suicide Life Threat Behav. Cognitive deficits in bipolar disorders: Implications for emotion.
Clin Psychol Rev. Culpepper L. The diagnosis and treatment of bipolar disorder: decision-making in primary care. Bipolar disorder. National Institute of Mental Health.
Psychiatry J. Subthreshold hypomanic symptoms in progression from unipolar major depression to bipolar disorder. It can also often be complicated by the sufferer's lack of judgment and insight regarding periods of exacerbation of characteristic states.
Manic patients are frequently grandiose, obsessive, impulsive, irritable, belligerent, and frequently deny anything is wrong with them.
Because mania frequently encourages high energy and decreased perception of need or ability to sleep, within a few days of a manic cycle, sleep-deprived psychosis may appear, further complicating the ability to think clearly.
Racing thoughts and misperceptions lead to frustration and decreased ability to communicate with others. Stage I corresponds with hypomania and may feature typical hypomanic characteristics, such as gregariousness and euphoria.
In stages II and III mania, however, the patient may be extraordinarily irritable, psychotic or even delirious. These latter two stages are referred to as acute and delirious or Bell's , respectively.
Various triggers have been associated with switching from euthymic or depressed states into mania. One common trigger of mania is antidepressant therapy.
Studies show that the risk of switching while on an antidepressant is between percent. Dopaminergic drugs such as reuptake inhibitors and dopamine agonists may also increase risk of switch.
Other medication possibly include glutaminergic agents and drugs that alter the HPA axis. Lifestyle triggers include irregular sleep-wake schedules and sleep deprivation, as well as extremely emotional or stressful stimuli.
Various genes that have been implicated in genetic studies of bipolar have been manipulated in preclinical animal models to produce syndromes reflecting different aspects of mania.
CLOCK and DBP polymorphisms have been linked to bipolar in population studies, and behavioral changes induced by knockout are reversed by lithium treatment.
Metabotropic glutamate receptor 6 has been genetically linked to bipolar, and found to be under-expressed in the cortex. Pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating peptide has been associated with bipolar in gene linkage studies, and knockout in mice produces mania like-behavior.
Targets of various treatments such as GSK-3 , and ERK1 have also demonstrated mania like behavior in preclinical models.
Mania may be associated with strokes, especially cerebral lesions in the right hemisphere. Deep brain stimulation of the subthalamic nucleus in Parkinson's disease has been associated with mania, especially with electrodes placed in the ventromedial STN.
A proposed mechanism involves increased excitatory input from the STN to dopaminergic nuclei. Mania can also be caused by physical trauma or illness.
When the causes are physical, it is called secondary mania. The mechanism underlying mania is unknown, but the neurocognitive profile of mania is highly consistent with dysfunction in the right prefrontal cortex, a common finding in neuroimaging studies.
Meta analysis of neuroimaging studies demonstrate increased thalamic activity, and bilaterally reduced inferior frontal gyrus activation.
Reduced functional connectivity between the ventral prefrontal cortex and amygdala along with variable findings supports a hypothesis of general dysregulation of subcortical structures by the prefrontal cortex.
Manic episodes may be triggered by dopamine receptor agonists, and this combined with tentative reports of increased VMAT2 activity, measured via PET scans of radioligand binding , suggests a role of dopamine in mania.
Decreased cerebrospinal fluid levels of the serotonin metabolite 5-HIAA have been found in manic patients too, which may be explained by a failure of serotonergic regulation and dopaminergic hyperactivity.
Limited evidence suggests that mania is associated with behavioral reward hypersensitivity, as well as with neural reward hypersensitivity.
Electrophysiological evidence supporting this comes from studies associating left frontal EEG activity with mania.
As left frontal EEG activity is generally thought to be a reflection of behavioral activation system activity, this is thought to support a role for reward hypersensitivity in mania.
Tentative evidence also comes from one study that reported an association between manic traits and feedback negativity during receipt of monetary reward or loss.
Neuroimaging evidence during acute mania is sparse, but one study reported elevated orbitofrontal cortex activity to monetary reward, and another study reported elevated striatal activity to reward omission.
The latter finding was interpreted in the context of either elevated baseline activity resulting in a null finding of reward hypersensitivity , or reduced ability to discriminate between reward and punishment, still supporting reward hyperactivity in mania.
In the ICD there are several disorders with the manic syndrome: organic manic disorder F Before beginning treatment for mania, careful differential diagnosis must be performed to rule out secondary causes.
The acute treatment of a manic episode of bipolar disorder involves the utilization of either a mood stabilizer valproate , lithium , lamotrigine , or carbamazepine or an atypical antipsychotic olanzapine , quetiapine , risperidone , or aripiprazole.
Although hypomanic episodes may respond to a mood stabilizer alone, full-blown episodes are treated with an atypical antipsychotic often in conjunction with a mood stabilizer, as these tend to produce the most rapid improvement.
When the manic behaviours have gone, long-term treatment then focuses on prophylactic treatment to try to stabilize the patient's mood, typically through a combination of pharmacotherapy and psychotherapy.
The likelihood of having a relapse is very high for those who have experienced two or more episodes of mania or depression.
While medication for bipolar disorder is important to manage symptoms of mania and depression, studies show relying on medications alone is not the most effective method of treatment.
Medication is most effective when used in combination with other bipolar disorder treatments, including psychotherapy , self-help coping strategies, and healthy lifestyle choices.
Lithium is the classic mood stabilizer to prevent further manic and depressive episodes. More recent drug solutions include lamotrigine and topiramate , both anticonvulsants as well.
In some cases, long-acting benzodiazepines, particularly clonazepam , are used after other options are exhausted. In more urgent circumstances, such as in emergency rooms, lorazepam , combined with haloperidol , is used to promptly alleviate symptoms of agitation, aggression, and psychosis.
Antidepressant monotherapy is not recommended for the treatment of depression in patients with bipolar disorders I or II, and no benefit has been demonstrated by combining antidepressants with mood stabilizers in these patients.
Some atypical antidepressants, however, such as mirtazepine and trazodone have been occasionally used after other options have failed. In Electroboy: A Memoir of Mania by Andy Behrman , he describes his experience of mania as "the most perfect prescription glasses with which to see the world There is some evidence that people in the creative industries suffer from bipolar disorder more often than those in other occupations.
English actor Stephen Fry , who suffers from bipolar disorder,  recounts manic behaviour during his adolescence: "When I was about I bought ridiculous suits with stiff collars and silk ties from the s, and would go to the Savoy and Ritz and drink cocktails.
The nosology of the various stages of a manic episode has changed over the decades. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
For other uses, see Mania disambiguation. For other uses, see Maniacal disambiguation. Main article: Mixed affective state.
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